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Terms All Real Estate Investors Should Know

Terms All Real Estate Investors Should Know

Like many other industries, real estate appears to have its own terminology. Understanding popular real estate investment jargon will make it easier for you to assimilate important information. It will also help you efficiently communicate with others working in the field. 

Knowing the language is a crucial component of knowledge. Investors will navigate listings and negotiations more easily if they are familiar with common terms. People need to take care to learn about each one and comprehend the key distinctions between them.

Here are some often used terminologies in real estate.

Buyer’s Market

This market scenario, which is the opposite of a seller's market, benefits purchasers since they have the ability to control prices. There are more people selling real estate, but there is still little demand. Because there are so many houses to select from and sellers are still in fierce competition, buyers have the power to haggle prices, giving them the upper hand.

Seller’s Market

Given that sellers have the ability to influence pricing, the current state of the market is favorable for them. Housing demand from purchasers outpaces that of sellers who list their houses for sale. Given that real estate is currently in high demand and desirable, sellers can raise their asking prices, giving them the advantage.

Rental Property

One of the most used phrases in real estate investing is this. It describes a certain kind of property where the owner gets paid each month by the tenants who use or occupy the property. Residential or commercial real estate both qualify as rental properties.

Cash Flow

The amount of money an investor can keep after covering all operating costs, including loan payments, is referred to as cash flow. Positive or negative cash flow is possible. 

person holding fanned out cash

One has a positive cash flow if your expenses are lower than your income. You will have negative cash flow if the cash outflows exceed the cash inflows.

Cap Rate

The ratio of a property's capital cost or current market value to its net operating income is known as the capitalization rate (cap rate). One of the few phrases used in real estate investing describes the expected return rate on an investment property. 

Multiple Listing Service

It is a marketing system that real estate agents and brokers may access and is made up of a database with listings for properties for sale and rent. Properties for sale and rent are added by listing agents. Then, on behalf of their clients, agents can look over the properties that are currently on the market.

Credit Score

Credit scores gauge a person's dependability. A high credit score ensures that applications for loans and rental housing are quickly approved. Lenders and landlords frequently use this figure to determine if a borrower will be able to repay a loan or pay rent.

Earnest Money Deposit

The homebuyer often pays an earnest money deposit when they sign a contract with the seller. The deposit is about 1% to 2% of the home's purchasing price. The deposit is intended to show the buyer's commitment to buying the house. The deposit is subtracted from the overall price of the purchase.

Net Operating Income

The potential for a real estate investment property to be lucrative is gauged by its net operating income (NOI). 

person looking at stock graphs on computer and phone

It is estimated by estimating the property's income and deducting all running costs, including upkeep, repairs, property taxes, HOA dues, and other costs. Mortgage payments are not included in the NOI.


Equity is the amount that separates the property's current market worth from the mortgage debt owed by you, the owner. The amount you would earn after completely paying off the mortgage if you were to sell your investment property is known as equity. 

This value might increase over time as the mortgage balance decreases and the property's market value increases.

Capital Gains Tax

A property's difference in value from its purchase price is referred to as a capital gain or loss. After the asset is sold, any gains are recognized. A long-term gain lasts longer than a year, while a short-term gain lasts one year or less. Both must be reported on your income taxes, although short-term gains are taxed at a greater rate than long-term gains.

Debt-to-Equity Ratio

The debt-to-equity (D/E) ratio is a measurement of ownership in real estate. If you took out a mortgage to fund your property, this ratio can help you figure out how much of it is actually yours and how much debt you have.

Real Estate Agent

A licensed professional who represents buyers or sellers in real estate transactions is known as a real estate agent. For most real estate professionals, this is the place to start. 

person holding a

A licensed broker typically supervises a real estate agent.


A member of the National Association of Realtors, a realtor, is a person who represents buyers and sellers in real estate transactions. A realtor must follow the association's standards and code of conduct.

Homeowners Association (HOA)

Planned communities, subdivisions, and condominium communities all have HOAs that enforce and create rules. Anyone who purchases a home inside an HOA's boundaries automatically joins the association and is obligated to pay dues. You should check to discover if a property is subject to an HOA before making an investment in it.


A property's appreciation describes how its value increases over time. The state of the local economy, the national economy, neighborhood expansion, new businesses sprouting up nearby, the construction of a park, and many other factors might affect appreciation.


Property value deterioration over time is referred to as depreciation. Similar to appreciation, it is influenced by a variety of things. Natural disasters, the economy, living in a high-crime region, and other factors might lower property values if a community has a job loss.

Why Choose Income Realty Corporation?

We'll work with you to get peace of mind while increasing the value of your property. In addition to managing single-family homes, condominiums, multi-family apartments, retail spaces, office buildings, and warehouses, we also manage commercial properties. We will reduce your costs while increasing your rental income to assure high returns on your investments. 

Income Realty Corporation offers a broad range of services in terms of property management. We can meet all of your demands for property management under one roof.